The EU units export controls for coronavirus vaccines

The President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, speaks to the media in Berlaymont, the seat of the EU Commission.

Thierry Monasse

LONDON – The European Union temporarily controlled the export of block-made coronavirus vaccines on Friday after British pharmaceuticals company AstraZeneca spat out and other supply problems.

Pfizer recently received two massive blows stating that production should be temporarily reduced while production capacity at its Belgian facility improves. Last week, AstraZeneca also said it would ship far fewer cans to the EU this spring than originally expected due to production problems at its plants in the Netherlands and Belgium.

After the EU pressured AstraZeneca this week to meet its commitments and then asked the company to move UK-made vaccines to the block, the EU confirmed on Friday that temporary controls will be in place.

“Protecting the health of our citizens remains our top priority and we must take the necessary measures to achieve this,” said European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Friday.

“This transparency and approval mechanism is temporary and we will of course continue to honor our commitments to low and middle income countries.”

The controls will last until the end of March and give EU member states the power to refuse to authorize exports if vaccine manufacturers fail to comply with contracts. Countries like the US, Japan and Canada, as well as the UK, are expected to be affected.

Brexit deal

The bloc also said it triggered Article 16 of its Brexit deal with the UK on Friday afternoon, which means exports cannot be sent to Northern Ireland, which could potentially serve as a back door to the rest of the country.

The EU pulled back later on Friday, saying it would not trigger the safeguard clause but would consider using all the tools at its disposal.

“This time-limited and targeted system only covers those Covid-19 vaccines that have been agreed with the EU under Advanced Purchase Agreements,” said Valdis Dombrovskis, Executive Vice President and Commissioner for Trade of the EU.

“This mechanism includes a wide range of exemptions to fully meet our humanitarian obligations and protect the delivery of vaccines to our neighborhood and countries in need covered by the COVAX facility.”

EU approves AstraZeneca vaccine

The European Union has been under pressure in what critics are calling the slow adoption of Covid vaccines. The European Commission, the institution that runs the sales contracts, has been accused of not securing enough vaccines and the region’s medical agency has been criticized for taking too long to approve vaccinations that have given the green light elsewhere have received.

On Friday, the European Medicines Agency approved the AstraZeneca vaccine for an emergency in the EU, about a month after it first received the green light in the UK, which recently left the block.

Speaking to CNBC on Friday, Irish Prime Minister Micheal Martin denied that this spit between Brussels and a British pharmaceutical company had turned into another “Brexit battle”.

“Overall, I think the European Commission has behaved well and effectively in relation to vaccine procurement,” he said. “There is a lot of tension out there … a lot of pressure on the Commission from the Member States, from the Prime Ministers. Why? Because the people are under pressure, the people are under pressure.”

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